Trade and technical journal publications
William A. Levinson, P.E.
6 Lexington Court
Wilkes-Barre, PA 18702
leading authority (as shown by Henry Ford's Lean Vision)
on Henry Ford's lean enterprise system, which Japan later adopted as
the Toyota production system.
relations and working experience with the front-line manufacturing
operators and self-directed work teams. Extensive development and
presentation of training materials suitable for all levels of
personnel, including front-line workers.
application of statistical quality methods for real-world situations
that do not follow the traditional assumption of the normal (bell
- Registered Professional Engineer (Pennsylvania)
- CPIM, CSSBB, CMQ/OE, CQE, CQA, CMfgE, CPC, CM
- Who's Who in Science and Engineering (1993, 2000,
and 2005-2006 Marquis' Who's Who)
- Author or coauthor of more than 70 trade
or technical journal articles, and presentations at national ASQ,
Productivity Inc., and Theory of Constraints World conferences.
- M.S. in Operations Research and Applied Statistics, Union
College (night school), 1993
- Master of Business Administration, Union College (night
- M.S. in Chemistry and M. Eng. in Chemical Engineering,
Cornell University, 1981/1982
- B.S. in Chemistry, Pennsylvania State University, 1978
CAREER HISTORY: LEVINSON PRODUCTIVITY SYSTEMS, P.C.
• Coached clients on ISO 9001 and performed
• Developed and presented workshops in lean
manufacturing, Six Sigma, Theory of Constraints, design of experiments
(DOE), acceptance sampling, and root cause analysis
• Book publications through Taylor and Francis/
o Ford, Crowther, and Levinson: The Expanded and
Annotated My Life and Work: Henry Ford's Universal Code for World-Class
• Speaker at national quality and productivity
o Lean Management System LMS:2012: A Framework for
Continual Lean Improvement (2012)
o SPC for Real-World Applications (2011)
o Beyond the Theory of Constraints (2007)
o Henry Ford's Lean Vision: Enduring Principles from
the First Ford Motor Plant (2002).
• Northeast PA Healthcare Reform Task Force (Dec.
• Governor's advisory panel, Quality of Health Care
(October 2005—January 2007)
• • Society of Manufacturing
Certification program (June 2005-Oct. 2006)
• Lean manufacturing training materials for Ford
Motor Company (2003-2004)
HARRIS / INTERSIL/ FAIRCHILD Mountaintop PA semiconductor plant,
Provided consulting, analysis, and training for design of experiments
(DOE) and statistical process control (SPC). Performed internal audits
for ISO 9000 and ISO 14000.
- Developed, applied, and published SPC and capability index
procedures for real-world manufacturing processes with nonnormal,
multivariate, and nested normal distributions.
- Developed and applied statistical methods for dealing with
- Prepared and presented SPC, DOE, and reliability statistics
training for engineers, technicians, and operators. Prepared and
presented safety, ISO 9000, microelectronics manufacturing, and waste
- Initiated a project to reduce usage of deionized water;
this saved about $200K.
- Achieved placement of completed 8Ds (reactive
eight-discipline problem-solving processes) in a searchable record
system to support best practice deployment.
- Obtained contracts for, wrote or edited, and published four
books (ASQ Quality Press) to promote the company's reputation for
productivity and quality leadership.
- Levinson and Tumbelty, SPC Essentials and
Productivity Improvement (1997) applies the authors' hands-on
workplace experience in training operators to do SPC and in dealing
with real-world processes that don't meet traditional textbook
- Levinson (editor), Leading the Way to Competitive
Excellence (1998). A comprehensive overview of a semiconductor
plant's (my workplace's) leading-edge quality and productivity
- Levinson, ISO 9000 at the Front Line
(2000). Applies the author's quality system and internal auditing
experience to training front-line workers in ISO 9000's application.
- Levinson and Rerick, Lean Enterprise: A
Synergistic Approach to Minimizing Waste (2002). Principles of lean
manufacturing, Theory of Constraints, and supply chain management
- Contributing author in Rose and Buckley, Self-Directed
Work Teams (American Society for Training and Development). Applies
the author's experience with Harris Semiconductor's self-directed work
teams and customer contact teams.
· Editor: health
care capitation course material for MGI Management Institute (1996)
Levinson, text for a self-study course for the Part B (Principles and
Practice) chemical engineering licensure exam, MGI Management Institute
Levinson, The Way of Strategy, ASQ Quality Press (1993)
author: Levinson and Armstrong, Statistical Quality Control chapter in
A. Landzberg (editor), Microelectronics Manufacturing Diagnostic
Handbook, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York (1993)
· Instruction of
review courses for ASQ certification exams, through Section 209
· Instruction of
review courses for the Part B chemical engineering exam
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES, East Fishkill,
· Developed and
published a model for spin-coating behavior of polymer solutions, thus
allowing prediction of thickness as a function of viscosity, spin
speed, and time.
· Developed and
published a statistical method for reducing measurement costs in a
multilayer ceramic manufacturing process.
Reduced mistesting waste in the electrical testing operation.
Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE)
Society for Quality (ASQ)
Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE)
Chemical Society (ACS)
Manufacturing Engineers (SME)
- Levinson, The Way
of Strategy (1994, ASQ Quality Press)
- Levinson, 1995, P.E.
Readiness (R): Chemical Engineering Exam Preparation, MGI
Management Institute http://www.ganesha.org/pe/#ChemE
- Levinson and Tumbelty, SPC Essentials and Productivity
Improvement: A Manufacturing Approach. 1997, ASQ Quality
- Levinson (editor), Leading the Way to Competitive
Excellence: The Harris Mountaintop Case Study. 1998, ASQ
Quality Press http://www.ganesha.org/leading/
- Contributing author, Self-Directed Work Teams: A
Trainer's Guide to the Transition. 1999, American Society for
Training and Development http://www.ganesha.org/sdwt/
- Levinson, ISO
9000 at the Front Line, ASQ Quality Press May 2000
- Levinson, Henry
Ford's Lean Vision: Enduring Principles from the First Ford Plant. 2002,
Productivity Inc. http://www.ganesha.org/ford/
- Levinson and Rerick, Lean Enterprise: A Synergistic
Approach to Minimizing Waste, with ASQ Quality Press.
- Levinson, Beyond the Theory of Constraints: How to
Eliminate Variation and Maximize Capacity. 2007, Productivity
- Levinson, Statistical Process Control for Real-World
Applications. 2011. Taylor & Francis/ CRC Press
- Levinson, Lean
Management System LMS:2012: A Framework for Continual Lean Improvement.
2012. Taylor & Francis/ CRC Press
- Ford, Henry, Crowther, Samuel, and Levinson, William. The
Expanded and Annotated My Life and Work: Henry Ford's Universal Code
for World-Class Success. 2013. Taylor
& Francis/ CRC Press
Trade and technical journal
articles and presentations on quality, management, and applied
Links checked and updated May 10 2010
- Levinson, W.A. "Automatic Solution of
Single-Variable Equations," Chemical Engineering, 11/25/85, pp.
- Levinson, W.A. "Business Management-Samurai
Style," Chemical Engineering, 9/14/87, pp. 109-113
Neiss, E.H., Birch, H.L., and Levinson, W.A.
"Department Activity Analysis," Chemical Engineering Progress,
Vol. 84/No. 6, June 1988
Levinson, W.A., Czornyj, G., Capo, D., and
McMahon, J. "Effect of Temperature and Shear Rate on Polyisoimide
Solution Viscosity," Polymer Engineering and Science, September
1989, Vol. 29, No. 18. p. 1221
- Relation of Miyamoto Musashi's A Book
of Five Rings to contemporary management theory.
Levinson, W.A., "How to Purge Small Vessels
with Nitrogen," Chemical Engineering, November 1989, p. 249
- Evaluation of mathematical models for the
shear viscosities of polymer solutions.
Levinson, W.A., "Understand the Basics of
Statistical Process Control," Chemical Engineering Progress,
Levinson, W.A., "Commitment," Chemtech,
- Application of the Continuous Stirred Tank
Reactor model to purging of small vessels with nitrogen gas
Levinson, W.A., "The Art of Marketing," Chemtech,
- Importance of employee commitment in an
organization, and how to develop and maintain commitment
Levinson, W.A., "Make the Most of Control
Charts," Chemical Engineering Progress, March 1992
- Application of the principles of Sun Tzu's
Art of War to marketing.
Levinson, W.A. and Armstrong, F.M.
"Statistical Quality Control," (Book chapter) in Microelectronics
Manufacturing Diagnostic Handbook (A. Landzberg, ed.), 1993, Van
Nostrand Reinhold, New York
Levinson, W.A., Arnold, A., and DeHodgins,
O. "Spin Coating Behavior of Polyimide Precursor Solutions," Polymer
Engineering and Science, Mid-August 1993, Vol. 33, No. 15
Levinson, W.A. "Reducing Appraisal Costs in
Multistep Processes," Quality Engineering, 6(3) 331-345, 1994
Levinson, W. A. "Statistical Process Control
in Microelectronics Manufacturing," Semiconductor International,
Levinson, W. A. "Multiple Attribute Control
Charts," Quality, December 1994.
Levinson, W.A. "How Good is your Gage?" Semiconductor
International, October 1995. 165-169
Murphy, R. and Levinson, W. "Full speed,
straight ahead?" Manufacturing Systems, November 1995 pp. 41-46
Levinson, W.A. "Do You Need a New Gage?" Semiconductor
International, February, 1996 pp. 113-117
Murphy, R., Saxena, P., and Levinson, W.
"Use OEE; Don't Let OEE Use You" Semiconductor International,
September 1996 (OEE = Overall Equipment Effectiveness) pp. 125-132
Levinson, W.A. "Quality at the Top," Quality
Digest, February 1997
Levinson, W.A. "Exact Confidence Limits for
Process Capabilities" Quality Engineering, 9(3), 521-528, 1997
Levinson, W.A. "Survival Characteristics," Executive
Excellence, May 1997, pp. 6-7
Levinson, W. "Watch Out for Nonnormal
Distributions of Impurities," Chemical Engineering Progress,
May 1997, pp. 70-76.
Levinson, W. "Approximate Confidence Limits
for Cpk and Confidence Limits for Non-Normal Process Capabilities," in Quality
Engineering, 9(4), 635-640 (1997)
Levinson, W. "Stewardship and Service," Executive
Excellence, July 1997.
Murphy, Robert, Lauffer, Jeffrey, and
Levinson, William. "Project Raptor," in Future Fab, Issue 3,
Levinson, William A. "Using SPC
in Batch Processes." Quality Digest, March 1998, 45-48
Levinson, William A. "Statistical
Characterization of a Die Shear Test," Quality Engineering,
11(3), 443-448 (1999)
Levinson, William A. "Using Excel
Control Charts with Varying Sample Sizes," Quality Digest
Levinson, William and Polny, Angela. "SPC
for Tool Particle Counts," Semiconductor International, June
Levinson, William. "Mutual Commitment," Executive
Excellence, June 1999
Levinson, William. "How
to Design Attribute Sample Plans on a Computer," published in Quality
Digest, July 1999
Levinson, "SPC for Real-World Processes:
What to do when the Normality Assumption Doesn't Work." Presented at
the ASQ's Annual Quality Conference (2000)
Levinson and Cumbo, "Simplified Control
Charts for Multivariate Normal Systems," Quality Engineering,
Manufacturing, Lose the Future," guest opinion column in Manufacturing
Engineering, June 2000
Levinson, "The Birth of Lean at the Ford
Motor Company," The 6th Annual Lean Management and TPM Conference
October 25-26, 2001, Dearborn, Michigan
Levinson, W.A., Stensney, Frank, Webb,
Raymond, and Glahn, Ronald. 2001. "SPC
for Particle Counts," Semiconductor International, 10/01
Levinson, W.A. "Lean
Manufacturing: Made in the USA," Quality Digest, February
2002, p. 64
Levinson, W.A., Holmes, D.S., and Mergen, A.
Erhan. "Variation Charts for Multivariate Processes." Quality
Engineering, 14(4), 539-545 (2002)
Levinson, W.A. "The
Long and Shoremen of It." Capitalism
Magazine, October 2002.
to Bell the Thermodynamic Cat," guest opinion column in Manufacturing
Engineering, February 2004
Charts Control Multiple Attributes," Quality, September 2004
Levinson, "Empower your employees," Member Forum article in Industrial Engineer, December 2004 (p.
Levinson, William A. "Waste Management:
Using a bill of outputs to eliminate excess." APICS, The Performance
Advantage, January 2005 (33-35)
Levinson, William A. "Thinking
Lean in 17th Century Poland: Competitive Lessons from Poland's Renowned
Cavalry" InsideQuality, January 2005
Levinson, William A. "Needed:
A Lean Enterprise Standard." Manufacturing Engineering,
February 2005, Viewpoints page
Levinson, William A. "Lean
Manufacturing: The Answer to Low Offshore Wages," InsideQuality,
Levinson, William A. "Taking
the QMS Cure: The U.S. health care industry needs a dose of ISO 9001
accountability" Quality Digest, December 2005
Levinson, William A. "The
End of the Road for General Motors Corp. (Unless it starts paying
attention)" InsideQuality, December 2005 [link updated February
Levinson, William A. "On the Road Again," Industrial
Engineer, January 2006
Levinson, William A. "The U.S. Airline Industry Is in Trouble: Lean techniques can
save it." InsideQuality, May 2006
Levinson, William A. "Bilingual
workplaces? No, non, nyet, nein: A language standard is the right way
to go." QualityInsider, July 11 2006
Levinson, William A. "Bringing the Fishbone Diagram into the
Computer Age," Quality
Progress, December 2006
Levinson, William A. "Kyoto
and Quality: How greenhouse gas regulations will outsource U.S. jobs."
Quality Digest, February 2007
Levinson, William A.
"American Airlines’ Fiasco: An inevitable result of its attitude toward
quality" Quality Digest online, March 2007
Levinson, William A. "Everything
but the Squeal: Don't 'comply' with ISO 14001, profit from it."
Digest, October 2007
Levinson, William A. "Tracking
Gage Calibration on a Spreadsheet." Quality, October 2007
Levinson, William A. "Will
New Medicare Rules Lead to Better Health Care Quality?" Quality
Digest online, January 2008
Levinson, William A. "Fix Root Causes
with Closed Loop Corrective Action." Patient Safety and Quality
Healthcare, March/April 2008.
Levinson, William A. "Mandate of Heaven." American Society
for Quality World Conference, Houston, May 6 2008
Levinson, William A. "Treat
Carbon as the Symptom, not the Disease." Quality Insider, February
Levinson, William A. "A
Bailout Can't Fix the Auto Industry's Basic Problems." Manufacturing
Engineering, June 2009
Levinson, William A. "Henry
Ford's Proven Lessons for American Industry." Industry Week,
Levinson, William A. "The U.S. Cannot Afford Cap and
Trade." Manufacturing Engineering, April 2010
Levinson, William A. "Airline
Companies are Driving Customers Away." Quality Digest
online, May 2010
Levinson, William A. "Principles of Green Manufacturing,"
American Society for Quality World Conference, St. Louis, May 2010
Levinson, William A. "Industrial
Methods can Reduce Health Care Costs." Industry Week, June
Levinson, William A. "PRE-Control
on a Spreadsheet." Quality Magazine online, December 2010
Levinson, William A. "What to Do When It's Not a Bell
Curve." ASQ World Conference, Pittsburgh, May 2011
Levinson, William A. "'Can’t Rather than Don’t' Saves
Lives." Patient Safety and Quality
Healthcare, July/August 2011
Levinson, William A. "Ford's Focus" and Social
Responsibility. Quality Progress,
Levinson, William A. "Innovation over Carbon Ideology."
APICS Magazine, November-December 2011
Levinson, William A. "Easy A: Tips for Acing your
Certification Exam." Quality Progress,
Levinson, William A. "Henry Ford's Universal Code."
American Society for Quality World Conference, Indianapolis, May 8 2013
Levinson, William A. "Act the Fool: Heyokas play an
important role in an organization’s survival." Quality
Progress, May 2013
- A follow-up to the November 1990 article.
Levinson, William A. "When Finance Runs the Factory." Industry
Week, October 24 2014
Levinson, William A. "Apply Can't Rather than Don't to your
Processes." Chemical Engineering Progress,
Levinson, William A. "The Hardest Part of Lean is to See
the Waste." Industry
Week, December 29 2014.
Levinson, William A. "Completing the Link: consider drum
buffer rope to limit inventory issues." APICS Magazine, March/April
Levinson, William A. "Situation Control: Let Tasks Give
Orders Instead of People."
Quality Progress, August 2015.
Levinson, William A. "How to Grok the Muda." Industry
Week, August 25 2015.
Levinson, William A. "The 3D Pareto Chart." Quality
Progress, May 2016