Action, as required by ISO 9000.
Logistics and Transportation: Freight Management
Systems (FMS), Third Party Logistics (3PL)
WorkSAFE PA workplace safety program (with discount on worker's compensation insurance)
This directory provides descriptions of third-party resources
for managing and improving quality and productivity.
Logistics and Transportation: Freight
Management Systems (FMS), Third Party Logistics (3PL)
The Problem: Transportation economies of scale call for large but infrequent
Just-in-time calls for small but frequent loads.
"JIT warehouse" is an obvious oxymoron.
Deliver large loads to the warehouse.
Take small loads from the warehouse to the factory. This is, of course,
simply moving the inventory instead of getting rid of it.
Note that the two dirty words of lean and JIT have nine letters instead
of four: "warehouse" and "inventory."
A good FMS makes true JIT deliveries economical.
Norwood's Ford: Men and Methods (1931, 20-24) gives an outstanding
summary of what a good FMS does.
The Ford logistics system was a "continent-spanning conveyor."
Deliveries were coordinated, scheduled precisely, and apparently just-in-time.
Supply was never to exceed or fall short of requirements.
"Using that multitude of additional links offered by rail, highway, water,
and air, it has butt-welded them with their own time-tables and picketed
them with telegraphic checkings as watchful as the straw bosses who supervise
progression along the conveyor lines of the shop."
Per Ford, the location of any rail car could be determined to within an
Third party logistics (3PL) systems
Complete FMSs are expensive.
3PL services work with several carriers to coordinate and consolidate shipments.
They often don't own any transportation assets themselves.
The following links are provided only for informational purposes and do
not constitute endorsements or recommendations.
Freight Management Systems (FMS) and Third Party Logistics (3PL)
C.H. Robinson Worldwide Inc. A
non-asset based 3PL. "As one of the world's largest third-party
logistics companies, CHRW offers shippers a wide range of customized global
transportation, logistics and supply chain management solutions."
Freightwatch LTD "Freightwatch
Ltd provides an independent freight management service for consignments
Software for transportation optimization and management
i2 Technology's Freight Matrix
(www.freightmatrix.com) "...FreightMatrix becomes a command
center for the logistics activities, allowing your company to reduce costs,
increase efficiencies, manage your supply chain, and connect to the global
NetWORKS Transport "NetWORKS Transport allows you to
fully optimize your transportation operations by giving you the power to
model and manage extremely detailed requirements and business rules."
Domb, Ellen, "Enhance Six Sigma Creativity with TRIZ," Quality Digest,
February 2004 is an outstanding explanation of the TRIZ problem-solving
technique. A basic truth of TRIZ is that "Somebody, someplace, has
already solved any problem-- or one very similar to it." TRIZ presents
a matrix of contradictory tradeoffs (e.g. speed versus reliability)
that cross-references methods that have been used to resolve such
tradeoffs in the past. It looks like standardization and best practice deployment for problem-solving methods; it is based on an assessment of the inventive processes that led to thousands of patents.
Example: "Ease of Manufacture" versus "Productivity" directs you to 35, 1, 10, 28. See the forty inventive principles. You can also download the matrix
from this site. Part of one principle that can be used to resolve any
tradeoffs between ease of manufacture and productivity (actually, ease
of manufacture should promote productivity) appears below.
Bracketed additions are mine.
Principle 1. Segmentation
Principle 10. Preliminary action
- Divide an object into independent parts.
- Replace mainframe computer by personal computers.
- Replace a large truck by a truck and trailer.
- Use a work breakdown structure for a large project.
- [Henry Ford: subdivision of labor to reduce waste motion of picking up and putting down tools]
- [Henry Ford: stamp or press parts and weld them instead of casting an entire part.]
Principle 28 Mechanics substitution
Principle 35. Parameter changes
WorkSAFE PA workplace safety committee program/ PennSAFE
From the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry
like to reduce your workers' compensation premiums by 5 percent each
year? Thousands of PA employers have already saved millions in
insurance premiums by setting up a workplace safety committee that
meets the requirements for state certification. That's millions that
companies are using to buy new equipment, hire more workers, expand
their businesses, and even pay bonuses to employees -- money that used
to go to paying insurance premiums!
PennSAFE offers free training assistance in support of this program.
What do you have to do?
a safety committee that meets certain requirements, fill out a
committee certification application and have it approved by the
Department of Labor and Industry.
What are the basic committee requirements?
WorkSAFE PA Initiative
The mission and function
of the WorkSAFE PA initiative is to provide Pennsylvania employers and
employees with the information and technical assistance needed to
develop comprehensive safety practices in the workplace. It will also
recognize successful employer-employee joint safety programs, which
result in the achievement of safety excellence.