Husaria wingLevinson Productivity Systems, P.C.
William A. Levinson, P.E.  Principal
TheBoss at
Lean Enterprise
Six Sigma
Stochos products
ISO 9000
The Man Factory
3rd Party Resources
Closed-Loop Corrective Action, as required by ISO 9000.

Logistics and Transportation: Freight Management Systems (FMS), Third Party Logistics (3PL)

WorkSAFE PA workplace safety program (with discount on worker's compensation insurance)

Third-Party Resources

This directory provides descriptions of third-party resources for managing and improving quality and productivity.
Logistics and Transportation: Freight Management Systems (FMS), Third Party Logistics (3PL)
  • The Problem: Transportation economies of scale call for large but infrequent loads.
    • Just-in-time calls for small but frequent loads.
    • "JIT warehouse" is an obvious oxymoron.
      • Deliver large loads to the warehouse.
      • Take small loads from the warehouse to the factory. This is, of course, simply moving the inventory instead of getting rid of it.
        • Note that the two dirty words of lean and JIT have nine letters instead of four: "warehouse" and "inventory."
    • A good FMS makes true JIT deliveries economical.
      • Truck sharing
      • Load consolidation
  • Norwood's Ford: Men and Methods (1931, 20-24) gives an outstanding summary of what a good FMS does.
    • The Ford logistics system was a "continent-spanning conveyor."
    • Deliveries were coordinated, scheduled precisely, and apparently just-in-time.
    • Supply was never to exceed or fall short of requirements.
    • "Using that multitude of additional links offered by rail, highway, water, and air, it has butt-welded them with their own time-tables and picketed them with telegraphic checkings as watchful as the straw bosses who supervise progression along the conveyor lines of the shop."
    • Per Ford, the location of any rail car could be determined to within an hour.
  • Third party logistics (3PL) systems
    • Complete FMSs are expensive.
    • 3PL services work with several carriers to coordinate and consolidate shipments. They often don't own any transportation assets themselves.

The following links are provided only for informational purposes and do not constitute endorsements or recommendations.
Freight Management Systems (FMS) and Third Party Logistics (3PL) Systems
  • C.H. Robinson Worldwide Inc. A non-asset based 3PL. "As one of the world's largest third-party logistics companies, CHRW offers shippers a wide range of customized global transportation, logistics and supply chain management solutions."
  • Freightwatch LTD "Freightwatch Ltd provides an independent freight management service for consignments worldwide."
Software for transportation optimization and management
  • i2 Technology's Freight Matrix ( "...FreightMatrix becomes a command center for the logistics activities, allowing your company to reduce costs, increase efficiencies, manage your supply chain, and connect to the global marketplace."
  • Manugistics NetWORKS Transport  "NetWORKS Transport allows you to fully optimize your transportation operations by giving you the power to model and manage extremely detailed requirements and business rules."

Domb, Ellen, "Enhance Six Sigma Creativity with TRIZ," Quality Digest, February 2004 is an outstanding explanation of the TRIZ problem-solving technique. A basic truth of TRIZ is that "Somebody, someplace, has already solved any problem-- or one very similar to it." TRIZ presents a matrix of contradictory tradeoffs (e.g. speed versus reliability) that cross-references methods that have been used to resolve such tradeoffs in the past. It looks like standardization and best practice deployment for problem-solving methods; it is based on an assessment of the inventive processes that led to thousands of patents.
Example: "Ease of Manufacture" versus "Productivity" directs you to 35, 1, 10, 28. See the forty inventive principles. You can also download the matrix from this site. Part of one principle that can be used to resolve any tradeoffs between ease of manufacture and productivity (actually, ease of manufacture should  promote productivity) appears below. Bracketed additions are mine.

Principle 1. Segmentation

  1. Divide an object into independent parts.
    • Replace mainframe computer by personal computers.
    • Replace a large truck by a truck and trailer.
    • Use a work breakdown structure for a large project.
      • [Henry Ford: subdivision of labor to reduce waste motion of picking up and putting down tools]
    • [Henry Ford: stamp or press parts and weld them instead of casting an entire part.]
Principle 10. Preliminary action
Principle 28 Mechanics substitution
Principle 35. Parameter changes

WorkSAFE PA workplace safety committee program/ PennSAFE
From the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry
Would you like to reduce your workers' compensation premiums by 5 percent each year? Thousands of PA employers have already saved millions in insurance premiums by setting up a workplace safety committee that meets the requirements for state certification. That's millions that companies are using to buy new equipment, hire more workers, expand their businesses, and even pay bonuses to employees -- money that used to go to paying insurance premiums!

What do you have to do?
Establish a safety committee that meets certain requirements, fill out a committee certification application and have it approved by the Department of Labor and Industry.
What are the basic committee requirements?
  • Committees must have a minimum of 2 employer and 2 employee representatives, meet monthly and be in operation for at least 6 full months.

  • All committee members must be trained by qualified trainers in safety committee operation, hazard inspection and accident investigation.

  • Committee meeting agendas, attendance lists and meeting minutes must be kept.
For more detailed information, click on the links below, or call

(717) 772-1635 or (717) 772-1917

PennSAFE offers free training assistance in support of this program.

WorkSAFE PA Initiative
The mission and function of the WorkSAFE PA initiative is to provide Pennsylvania employers and employees with the information and technical assistance needed to develop comprehensive safety practices in the workplace. It will also recognize successful employer-employee joint safety programs, which result in the achievement of safety excellence.

visitors since 17 December 2002